Altitude Sickness In Cusco
Altitude sickness in Cusco or soroche is caused by the lower atmospheric pressure at high altitudes, at greater heights there is less and less oxygen concentration in the air, which results in a direct consequence in the amount of oxygen stored in the blood, therefore the different organs of the body receive less oxygen as usual.
The human body transports and distributes the oxygen throughout the body through the red blood cells present in the blood, this function is significantly altered when at altitudes above 2400 meters above sea level
What are the symptoms to know about altitude sickness?
- Fatigue and loss of energy
- Shortness of breath
- Problems sleeping
- Loss of apetite
Six Tips To avoid altitude Sickness In Cusco:
1.- Relax and take it easy: Take a few days at the start of your trip to acclimatise to the altitude before attempting any treks to Machupicchu or strenuous activity. This is the best advice we can share, take it easy for the first few days and your body will thank you later…
2.- Avoid alcohol & drugs: This includes sleeping tablets and tranquilisers as these can all make symptoms worse. ¡Trust us, we’ve been there! Even one Pisco Sour cocktail could tip you over the edge to a raging headache and nausea which is quite unpleasant.
3.- Drink lots of water: Staying hydrated prior to and throughout your trip is crucial to avoiding unpleasant altitude sickness symptoms.
4.- Go lower and acclimatise: Head straight to the lower altitude of the Sacred Valley or Machu Picchu. Believe it or not, Cusco is at an altitude of 3400m (11,154ft) so heading to Pisac or urubamba at 2,900m (9,514ft) or Machu Picchu at 2,400m (7,874ft) can make a huge difference. After a few days you can then make your way back up to Cusco and will feel a lot better. (The general rule of thumb is “walk high, sleep low” so if you are at over 3,000m (9,842ft) sleep at no more than 300m (984ft) higher at the end of each day.)
5.- Drink Coca Tea: Nearly every hotel in Cusco and the Sacred Valley offers fresh coca tea to guests and for a good reason too! Coca tea is completely safe to drink and a cup or two each day can ease altitude symptoms. Just remember coca is a mild stimulant so don’t go over the top and drink cup loads. 2 -3 cups for the first few days will be just fine.
6.- Get an Oxishot: Oxishot is a small dischargeable can that contains 8 litres of oxygen that you can take when you arrive in Cusco and anytime you need a boost. It can help reduce headaches and fayigue associated with altitude sickness. They are on sale everywhere in Cusco & Machu Picchu and cost approximately S/.45 (Approx. US$16).
Cusco and Machu Picchu are one of the world’s major tourist destinations and as such have good medical facilities available. Many of the five star hotels in Cusco offer 24 hour oxygen pumped into your room and most of the smaller hotels have oxygen cylinders and oxishots available upon request. Medical practitioners and hospitals are well used to treating altitude sickness so if something does go wrong there are medical facilities available.